You have probably heard of the recommendation that you should eat five fruits and vegetables per day. Bananas are an excellent choice as one of your five per day. They contain a high amount of the vitamins and minerals that your body needs and will provide you with many health benefits.
Bananas are high calories. According to some research, every 100 grams of bananas contains as much as 378 joules. In some tropic areas, people feed themselves on bananas. But there are hidden dangers if you eat too many bananas. This fruit also enjoys high reputation for its varied nutrition. There are about 20 grams of carbohydrates, 1.2 grams of proteins, 0.6 grams of fat and other various kinds of minerals and vitamins in every 100 grams of bananas. Of all the nutrition, vitamins overwhelm the others. For instance, vitamin A can promote the growth of the human body and improve the human body’s immune system. It is necessary to maintain the procreation and protect the eyes. And thiamine is useful to prevent and cure the beriberi and protect the nervous system as well. Moreover, the riboflavin helps with the growth and development of children.
Bananas are ready to serve as a kind of fruit. They can be processed as well. For example, cooked bananas are made into powders and then used as additives in cakes and bread. Or after fermented, people can extract alcohol from them or produce banana wine. Mature bananas are also processed into preserved fruit, juice or essence. Furthermore, the nutritious stems, sprouts, and buds are ideal succulence for pigs. The stems are sometimes used in paper-making and weaving for their rich fibers.
Every year, the exchange of bananas throughout the world amounts to 10 million tons. The biggest exporter in China is the province of Taiwan. Its bananas are mostly exported to Japan. However, the provinces in the mainland have seldom exported bananas to foreign markets in the recent twenty to thirty years. It is because that the planting techniques drop behind. Another reason is that the processing, packing, shipping and promoting procedures do not reach the international standard. If these provinces make great efforts to change the current situations and poor techniques, the Chinese bananas will have the opportunities to be put on the foreign market.
Firstly, bananas contain tryptophan which can improve your mood and ease depression. Tryptophan is an amino acid and is a antecedent to serotonin, which assists maintain your mood and make you feel calmer. The body can not create tryptophan naturally, so the only way to get it is through your diet. Consuming a banana is one of the simplest ways to get tryptophan and an excellent way to avoid depression.
Bananas contain a high amount of vitamin B6 which plays an important role in many of the functions of the human body. A medium sized banana will provide you with about 20% of the daily recommended intake. Vitamin B6 has anti-inflammatory properties that can promote better cardiovascular health and prevent type 2 diabetes. The vitamin is also necessary to convert tryptophan into serotonin. Additionally, it plays an important role in the creation of white blood cells, which is needed by the immune system to fight infections.
Bananas can have positive effects on your digestive system and reduce the effects of both diarrhea and constipation. Bananas contain high levels of dietary fibers, which normalizes the digestive system and ensures smooth bowel movements. They also contain potassium that will restore important electrolytes that often gets depleted during diarrhea.
The potassium in bananas can lower blood pressure, and lower the risk of heart disease and stroke. The high levels of potassium also have positive effects on your bones and kidneys. A typical Western diet contains a lot of sodium, which can lead to an increase of calcium excretion in the urine. Bananas reduce the calcium excretion, which reduces the risk of kidney stones and improves bone strength.
Bananas have been proven to lower gastric acid levels and can help relieve symptoms of stomach ulcers. For the same reasons, bananas can also help those suffering from heartburn.
As you can see, bananas provide many health benefits, they are cheap to buy, and they taste great. They also contain a low number of calories, only 100 for a medium-sized banana. This makes them an excellent choice for snack if you are trying to lose weight.